Wednesday, 7 September 2022

What are the effective ways to increase memory?

  NewTips.Info       Wednesday, 7 September 2022

There are various techniques to improve memory in psychology. Today I discussed some of those strategies. You can apply them in your life.

Many complain that my memory has decreased, I can’t remember like before, I forget something when I read. Many are not satisfied with their current memory. Memory actually involves many things. If you think about something over and over again, if you are seriously physically ill, if you have gone through a trauma, if you have a brain injury, if you try to memorize a lot of information at once, A person with a mental disorder may fail to retrieve information from memory. Due to physical and mental ailments we fail to memorize new material and in some cases forget the memorized material. Moreover, people’s memory can be lost due to old age. Each memory in our brain is formed by the connection of neurons. If we first receive some general information with our senses, it creates a new connection between neurons in our memory. If that information is repeated over and over again, the connections between neurons become stronger.

Our food has a close relationship with memory. Certain foods, such as omega-3 acids, play an important role in building brain and nerve cells. And omega-3 is found in fatty fish. And some foods that can have a negative effect on your brain such as sugar, processed food, butter, red meat, fast food, salt etc. We can avoid these foods to eliminate memory related problems. When we are under stress, our brain releases a type of neurotransmitter called cortisol that inhibits our ability to retrieve information from memory. So living a stress-free life can play a role in improving memory.

Although memory cannot be improved through practice, practice can speed up the functioning of memory components (eg, learning, storage, retrieval, retrieval, spatio-temporal orientation, etc.). This is discussed below:

  1. Pronunciation: Reading aloud is much better at memorizing information than reading silently. A special advantage of pronunciation is that it works equally well with the two senses, the eye and the ear. If you read something out loud, the connections between memory neurons will be stronger and it will be easier to remember. Besides, it is easy to memorize if it is recited through rhythm and melody
  2. Holistic vs. partial approach : When memorizing a short piece of information, it is better to read as a whole than to read in parts. Partial method is more effective in learning meaningless content
  3. Interruption method: Intermittent learning while memorizing a particular lesson gives enough time for the information to be permanently stored in the memory, thereby making the learning permanent.
  4. Understanding the meaning: If you practice reading by understanding the meaning of the content, you will memorize it quickly. If you practice reading without understanding the meaning, it takes more time to memorize
  5. Routine Method: Studying according to routine will increase the amount of memory
  6. Organization: After reading, it is easier to remember if the content is well organized. It is not easy to remember if read randomly
  7. Reading before sleep: Memorizing reading before sleep does not easily fade from the memory. Because going to sleep does not interrupt memory traces. Moreover, adequate sleep helps to improve memory
  8. Deep concentration : Deep concentration acts as a condition for improving memory. It can be easily remembered if read with deep attention
  9. Survey Q 3R: Robinson formulated a groundbreaking rule for memorizing a subject. His rule is known as the Survey Q 3R method. Here, Survey stands for Q stands for Question, Read (R-1), Recite (R-2) and Review (R-3). In this method, the student will first survey the subject and ask questions on his own and search for the answers to those questions on his own. Cover reading while reading and try to recall the content after reading. In this form of process a student can easily master any subject
  10. Abbreviations/mnemonics: You can use abbreviations/mnemonics to memorize information. In this way you can make a short word by omitting the first letter of how many words. Eg: How many points you have to memorize. You can easily memorize it by forming a word or sentence with the first letter of those points. For example: As a child we learned Beni Asahkala i.e. Purple, Blue, Sky, Green, Yellow, Orange and Red. In this case, if the word or sentence is meaningful, the result is better.

By following the mentioned techniques we can speed up the working of our memory components.

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